Each division and plant has its own projects on these fronts. For example, the Solon Prepared Foods facility planned and executed a project in two years to replace 80 percent of its natural gas supply with landfill gas.
But sustainability goes beyond being eco-friendly, at least for Nestle. The company's values extend to economic sustainability across the supply chain. Eschewing short-term deals in purchasing and partnering, McIntosh says it's counterproductive to squeeze suppliers' profits bone-dry. "Simply having a mission to create value for shareholders of the company isn't enough to ensure the long-term survival of the company," McIntosh says. "You have to create shared value for all of the stakeholders that are associated with the company along the supply chain from the farm to the customer and the consumer."
While he sees manufacturing as a support function to larger management goals, he notes the considerable cross-functional teamwork needed to formulate, manufacture and package a new product. Nestle conducts basic food science research at the global, corporate level while applying what it knows at product-specific research centers to develop and manufacture products that meet -- or create -- consumer needs.
There was as much marketing, R&D and packaging input as came from manufacturing in the process that created and justified the new Anderson, Ind., dairy beverage plant (see sidebar). A similar, cross-functional approach created Slow Churned Light Ice Cream in the Dreyer's business unit in 2004. The company pioneered low-temperature extrusion to eliminate the formation of ice crystals and deliver a product with a full-fat experience.
McIntosh oversees 33 production facilities, including all 26 of Nestle USA's. As is common with many Nestle executives, he has moved around within the company, working in eight different locations on five continents during his 27 years with the company.
Nestle favors manufacturing its products in its own plants over contracting-out production because it can better control all aspects of value creation, from marketing and supply chain factors down to technology and plant-floor processes. "That doesn't mean that we will not co-manufacture where there are advantages to doing so, such as speed to market or access to technology," McIntosh says, "but we invariably find that we are much more cost-effective in-house than out-of-house."
Nestle USA manufacturing has rededicated itself to compliance with the deluge of standards and regulations. Nestle USA has been active in certifying to standards such as ISO 14001 (environmental management), OHSAS 18001 (occupational health and safety) and ISO 22000 (food safety management systems). All plants will be certified by 2011, which represents a significant undertaking because these efforts will have been initiated and completed in roughly three and a half years.
Complying is resource-intensive, so Nestle set out to consolidate its way of managing its standards and all management practices. A new program called Nestle Continuous Excellence (NCE) is being implemented across all plants. It's a management system that consolidates the principles of Lean Manufacturing, Total Productive Management, Six Sigma, 5S and other methods familiar to followers of the Toyota Production System and other quality and productivity disciplines.
NCE is intended to eliminate confusion while helping manage improvements. Now, quality and productivity are linked under the same program as rooting-out waste in all its forms. McIntosh says it's paying off in relation to prior efforts with early reports of "far more success in engaging employees -- all employees, including management -- in driving improvements in our manufacturing operations."
Under the unified system, corporate vision and mission statements cascade down to business units, plants and work groups or cells defining their own goals. This alignment is critical, McIntosh says, "because people can only make decisions and deliver on objectives if they understand the context in which they are working."
Such efforts are paying off with "significant improvements in all areas -- safety, consumer complaints, consistency of products, performance of production lines or the overall operation of the supply chain."
The umbrella initiative in turn feeds another key focus for Nestle USA manufacturing: sustaining a competitive advantage. Beyond any single new technology, product or metric, keeping that advantage is rooted in the ability to "deliver what your customers and consumers want; and to be able to do it in a way that is consistent and which brings to them a sense of quality they do not get from the competitor," McIntosh says.
Now that the era of restructuring appears to be ending, Nestle USA is ready for another growth phase. A prime example is this year's opening of the beverage division plant in Anderson, Ind. -- the largest single capital investment in the history of Nestle SA.
All of the prospects and the end of worldwide recession have McIntosh excited. With its new vision and strategy for operational excellence, McIntosh sees the company at the beginning of a new journey. "The early signs are so strong in terms of potential that I really believe we're going to make a significant difference to the capability of this company in the next decade."