The 2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee released its preliminary recommendations to the 2010 edition of the Dietary Guidelines for Americans, to be released at the end of the year (they are mandated by Congress to be reviewed and revised every five years). Preliminary recommendations will be reviewed by the USDA and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, and will be open for public comments until July 15 at www.dietaryguidelines.gov.
Report available at http://www.cnpp.usda.gov/DGAs2010-DGACReport.htm
Not a rigid prescription, the Committee identified four major findings and articulated steps that may be taken to help Americans adopt health-promoting nutrition and physical activity guidelines. They are: Reduce the incidence and prevalence of overweight and obesity of the U.S. population by reducing overall calorie intake and increasing physical activity; Shift food intake patterns to a more plant-based diet that emphasizes vegetables, cooked dry beans and peas, fruits, whole grains, nuts, and seeds. In addition, increase the intake of seafood and fat-free and low-fat milk and milk products and consume only moderate amounts of lean meats, poultry, and eggs; Significantly reduce intake of foods containing added sugars and solid fats because these dietary components contribute excess calories and few, if any, nutrients. In addition, reduce sodium intake and lower intake of refined grains, especially refined grains that are coupled with added sugar, solid fat, and sodium; and Meet the 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.
As expected, the Committee recommended a gradual reduction in daily sodium intake to 1,500mg per day from the 2,300 mg recommended in 2005, as well as limiting dietary cholesterol to less than 300mg per day (with a further goal of less than 200mg per day for persons at risk for cardiovascular disease or type 2 diabetes).
The Committee strongly recommended the USDA and H.H.S. convene appropriate committees, potentially through the Institute of Medicine, to develop strategic plans focusing on the actions needed to successfully implement the recommendations.